Les terroirs

 

Ammerschwihr

History

The slopes of Ammerschwihr have been inhabited since the bronze age and many roman fortifications are to be found there. Amalraicivillare was the first name given to the village in 869.

In 1367 the village of Amalraicivillare became a town. Three lords (the germanic holy empire, the Lord of Ribeaupierre and the Lord of Hohlandsberg)  shared the communal assets and its revenues and in 1431, was accorded the same privileges as the imperial towns of Alsace (the famous league of the Decapole). The wine business developed and would remain an important resource through the ages. Up to the 16th century the town continued to grow. During the Thirty Year War (1618-1648), Ammerschwihr was placed under the protection of the King of France.

 

The 18th centrury was a period of calm during which the middle classes improved the wine trade. In an account of a voyage it was said: “Ammerschwihr where one only breathes wealth and comfort, owns an immense asset (ban): the most fruitful and celebrated wine of all Haute Alsace” From the time of the Old Regime until the Revolution Ammerschwihr became the principle town of the area and reverted to a simple Parish in the calm after the Revolution.

 

The 19th and 20th centuries saw very little change in the layout of the town and its winegrowing ressourses. In December 1944 Ammerschwihr was subjected to violent bombardements which destroyed 85% of the town.  On the 18th December 1944 Ammerschwihr was liberated and

on the 31st December the civilian population was evacuated from the caves where they had found refuge. It took all the courage of the inhabitants of Ammerschwihr and the talents of the architect Charles Gustave Stoskopf together with American funding to give the ‘cite des trois merles’ a new character.

CHARACTERISTICS

Ammerschwihr benefits from the microclimate to be found in Colmar with its above average sunshine and below average rain.

www.ammerschwihr.eu

 

Le Grand Cru Kaefferkopf

51st Grand Cru d’Alsace, the Kaefferkopf places importance in its quality, history and difference.

History

The ‘terroir’ of Kaefferkopf is seen for the first ime in 1338 in a citation in cadastre of the Abbaye of Pairis at Ammerschwihr. It is said to be the first locality recognised in 1925 by a legal demarcation 40 years before the AOC Grand Cru.

 

The authenticity of the Kaefferkopf was recognised as an appellation Grand Cru in 2007. The name Kaefferkopf signifies ‘cockroach head’

describing the shape of the summit of the hill.

Characteristics

In the commune of Ammerschwihr, the 71,65 hectares of vines are divided into two distinct zones at an altitude of between 250 and 360 metres

of gentle slope exposed to both the south and south east. The grape varieties of riesling, pinot gris and gewurtztraminer bloom in this Grand Cru in dark soil saturated in calcium and magnesium; granite in the higher vines chalk and sandstone in the lower vines. These grape varieties can be combined as required, a specification recognised since 1932 even before the notion of a Name of Origin had been formulated.

The Grand Cru wines of Alsace Kaefferkopf are highly reputed and known for their elegance and powerful aroma. 

www.kaefferkopf.fr

 

Le Grand Cru Wineck - Schlossberg

History

The Chateau of Wineck dominates the vines and the village of Katzenthal from where the name of this Grand Cru originates: in german the word ‘schloss’ means chateau and ‘berg’ indicates a hill.
Characteristics

The vines of the Grand Cru d’Alsace Winech-Schlossberg are situated in the communes of Katzenthal and Ammerschwihr, 8 kilometres to the wests of Colmar. Hidden in a closed valley and sheltered from the dominant winds, the 27,40 hectares of the Wineck-Schlossberg vines are to be found between 270 and 420 metres altitude on steep hills exposed to the south east, benefiting from maximum sunshine on mixed rocky granite.

The Riesling (9ha), the gewurtztraminer (3ha) and the pinot gris (0.6ha) bloom in this Grand Cru. The wines of Wineck-Schlossberg are characterised by their subtlety and floral nature. The Rieslings especially have a good acidity and are light and rich at the same time.  They are typical wines et de garde.

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